Haenyeo: Women Divers Of Jeju Island South Korea

Have you ever heard the story of mermaids living on beautiful Jeju Island, off the coast of South Korea?

Jeju Island has always been an attractive destination in South Korea thanks to its distinct culture and impressive scenery. However, few people know about the culture of Jeju Haenyeo – the women divers who play an essential part in the island’s history.

Jeju island’s women divers

In Jeju island, you can find a community of women who goes diving 10m under the sea to pick up shellfish without the help of oxygen masks. Impressive, isn’t it?

As of 2011, there were about 5000 women divers on Jeju Island, South Korea. Most of them are over 50, and even some are 70 or 80 years old.

While these women divers have long been the main contributors to the island’s economy, their role is a great transition. Nowadays, they’re mostly performers and are a symbol of Jeju island. 

This diving activity has its roots in ancient times when the men went to the sea, and many did not return. So the women at home alone raised their children, taking care of the tasks. 

Jeju island woman divers show
Jeju Island is considered the birthplace of women divers.

The history of Hanenyeo

Since old times, Jeju has often been called Samda-do, a nickname associated with the three most abundant things on the island: wind, rock, and women.

Unlike other places, when men are the breadwinner, women are the lead on Jeju Island. They have to take care of themselves, support their family with jobs such as fishing, farming, raising animals.

Especially, the women here are also in charge of diving to look for sea products. Therefore, they are called Haenyeo, which translates as female divers.

Jeju women divers South Korea

It’s not clear when the Hanenyeo started on Jeju Island in South Korea, but ancient Koreans mentioned female divers in the history of the Goryeo period (X-XIV century).

During the Joseon period (XIV-XIX century), men also did the work of female divers, diving into the sea to find abalone and pick seaweed.

diving Jeju South Korea

Women diver show

What would it be like to meet one of these divers?

I was surprised when I first read about Haenyeo, so I was excited to see how they work. So happened to know about their performance, I signed up Eastern Jeju Island Day Tour.

Jeju woman diver show
Watching the women diver performance was one of my favorite things to do in Jeju.

Eastern Jeju Island Day tour review

 Eastern Jeju Island bus discovery was great!

It’s a great choice if you’re visiting Jeju for a short time as this tour brings you to many places without the hassle of hiring a taxi.

Our tour guide was friendly and knowledgeable. She explained the history of different attractions very well.

Seeing a unique part of Jeju’s cultural heritage at Seongeup Folk Village and then watching Jeju’s famous Haenyeo female divers in action was an incredible experience! 

You can learn more about theEastern Jeju Island bus here.

Jeju women divers South Korea
Jeju Women Diver show is a must-see performance for visitors going to Jeju.

When is the women diver show?

The Jeju Women Diver show is performed at 1:30 pm and 3 pm daily at Seongsang Ilchubong (or the Sunrise peak). The performance lasts about 1 hour. 

In these shows, Haenyeo women divers put on a full performance with folklore songs, from pre-diving rituals to their catch. 

Jeju women divers South Korea
Haenyeo female divers show Jeju South Korea
They sing first before diving.
Seongsang Ilchubong Jeju South Korea

Haenyeo Museum

If you love to learn more about women divers, don’t forget to stop by the Haenyeo Museum

Established in 2006, this museum offers a great insight into the history and lifestyle of the women divers’ community in Jeju. 

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