From snow-capped summits perfect for skiing to rocky valleys made up of precious minerals, there’s a great diversity among Iceland’s mountains to explore.
This travel guide will cover some of the most famous mountains in Iceland.
Whether you are a keen hiker, an experienced mountaineer, or just looking for an awe-inspiring view while visiting Iceland, you won’t be disappointed by what these famous mountains offer!
Hvannadalshnúkur is the highest mountain peak in Iceland, standing at an elevation of 2,110 m (6,921 ft).
It is located in the southeastern region of the Vatnajökull National Park and forms part of a small mountain range known as the Hofsjökull Highlands.
The views from this summit are considered among some of the best in Iceland. You can reach Hvannadalshnúkur via various hiking trails throughout the park.
In addition to its incredible scenery, it offers access to many glaciers, wetlands, and other interesting features within Vatnajökull National Park.
From its peak, you can enjoy breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding area and various stunning natural features.
Tips: Driving a car is the best way to explore Iceland. You can check car rental options here.
Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano located in the south of Iceland and is perhaps best known for the massive eruption that took place in 2010.
The mountain stands 1,666 meters tall and is usually capped by snow and ice, forming glaciers on its slopes.
These glaciers are meltwater sources for rivers around Eyjafjallajökull, including the famous Thorsmbla glacier river, which runs deep into the valley below.
You can drive to Eyjafjallajökull or take one of the many guided tours that venture to its peak. Here, you can appreciate the stunning vistas and get close to the powerful energy of an active volcano.
There are also several campsites nearby, allowing you to stay longer while exploring this beautiful region of Iceland.
Kirkjufell mountain is located near the town of Grundarfjörður on the north coast of Iceland. At 463 meters (1,516 ft) in elevation, Kirkjufell is the highest peak on the Snæfellsnes peninsula.
The distinctive shape and steepness of the mountain make it instantly recognizable and a must-see for anyone visiting the area.
The nearby waterfalls also add to its beauty and make it an unforgettable sight to behold.
You can hike up to the peak or enjoy stunning views from afar. In addition, there are several nearby attractions, such as horseback riding, fishing charters, whale-watching tours, and more.
Vestrahorn Mountain is a stunningly beautiful mountain in the southeastern part of Iceland. It stands tall at 454 meters and is made up of basalt columns formed millions of years ago.
Vestrahorn’s unique beauty has captivated photographers and adventurers alike, with its dramatic landscape offering an unparalleled exploration experience.
You can see the mountain from nearby villages and towns, making it an easily recognizable landmark for those exploring the region.
Its natural surroundings make Vestrahorn an ideal spot for hiking, camping, or simply taking in breathtaking views.
You can easily take photos with some of the most stunning scenery imaginable for those looking to capture an image to remember their journey.
Snæfellsjökull is one of Iceland’s most beloved and photographed mountains, located within the Snæfellsnes National Park in West Iceland.
It stands at a height of 1,446 meters (4,744 feet) and is covered by an ice cap measuring around 5 km in diameter.
This impressive stratovolcano is an iconic symbol of Iceland’s beauty and power, and you can see its summit from Reykjavík on clear days.
The glacier-capped volcano has many geological features, including deep crevasses and numerous ridges formed over thousands of years.
These features give it an almost otherworldly appearance – fittingly enough, Snæfellsjökull was the setting for Jules Verne’s world-famous novel – Journey to the Centre of the Earth.
Keilir mountain is a 378m peak located on the Reykjanes peninsula of southwest Iceland. It is an iconic landmark thanks to its distinctive shape and location and can be seen from as far away as 45km.
This mountain has been historically significant to the Icelandic people, with archaeological evidence suggesting used in Viking-era religious rituals.
Today, Keilir Mountain is a popular hiking destination for outdoor enthusiasts looking to take in the stunning views of nearby reefs and islands.
You can have a unique experience with the surrounding area’s numerous interesting geological features, such as lava fields, hot springs, and volcanic caves, sure to delight nature lovers seeking unique experiences.
The mountain’s summit offers breathtaking views of the Atlantic Ocean and the surrounding countryside, making it a must-see in Iceland.
Helgafell Mountain is a spectacular 73-meter-tall mountain in the Snæfellsnes peninsula of West Iceland.
It has historical significance that dates back to Landnáma, The Book of Settlement, the oldest written source on the settlement of Iceland.
Helgafell Mountain is located near Stykkisholmur village and allows visitors to appreciate mesmerizing views of Breiðafjörður bay and many other areas around it.
This mountain surely offers an opportunity to discover some unique historical places in Iceland, making it an ideal place for anyone looking for unforgettable experiences and great memories.
Hekla mountain is an active stratovolcano located in the south of Iceland. The volcano has had frequent eruptions since its first recorded eruption in 1104 and is one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland.
It stands at 1,491 meters (4,892 feet) tall and is part of a two-kilometer-long volcanic ridge that runs from north to south.
If you are a nature lover or adventure seeker, Hekla will be the best spot because its surrounding area is home to many flora and fauna.
The Thjorsardalur valley is just a short distance away and boasts several impressive waterfalls and fascinating rock formations.
Aside from its natural beauty, the valley also contains Stong, an archaeological site with Viking farm ruins dating back hundreds of years.
Reynisfjall Mountain is a geologically unique site in Iceland, created from a volcanic eruption during the last Ice Age.
Located near Reynisfjara beach and standing at a height of 340 meters, Reynisfjall Mountain boasts an intriguing array of tuffs with irregularly oriented shapes that show radial patterns haphazardly meeting each other.
It has majestic cliffs home to the iconic Puffin birds and stunning meadows that bloom each spring. Reynisfjall stands tall and proud, providing a breathtaking view of the North Atlantic coast.
You can enjoy an atmosphere of peace and tranquility away from the hustle and bustle of everyday life with its old-world charm.
Landmannalaugar is a surreal landscape of vibrant colors located in the highlands of Iceland.
It is renowned for its captivating and often contrasting scenery of colorful rhyolite mountains, steaming hot springs, lava fields, and lush green valleys.
The area has been a place to relax or engage in activities since the 18th century, when it served as one of the most popular destinations for Icelandic hikers.
You can join many activities, including mountain biking, horseback riding, glacier hiking, rafting, and more. Furthermore, Landmannalaugar offers an opportunity to experience nature at its best – by camping next to some incredible natural wonders.
Lómagnúpur is an awe-inspiring sight in Iceland with its 764-meter tall elevation.
The rock towers over Reykjanes peninsula, offering scenic views that change with each passing weather front.
At Lómagnúpur mountain, you can witness two distinct landscapes depending on the time of day.
During the day, you can admire Lómagnúpur’s unique features with the ideal backdrop of the slightly cloudy-grey sky.
The Lómagnúpur rock is covered with low-hanging white-grey clouds at its peak and flanked by a plain brown-grey landscape. You will have a memorable experience with this beautiful contrast between the stark black rock and its soft surroundings.
Mælifell volcano is an iconic landmark standing in stark contrast to the surrounding Mýrdalsjökull glacier and black sand.
At 791 meters tall, Maelifell is a reminder of Iceland’s ancient history and geology.
Once concealed under Mýrdalsjökull’s icecap, Maelifell was only made visible when the glacier retreated at the end of the last Ice Age.
Maelifell is renowned for its glacial rivers, black sands, and green coloring, which stand out against its surroundings during summer.
FAQs about mountains in Iceland
How many mountains are there in Iceland?
Iceland is home to over 4,145 mountain peaks, ranging from small hills to towering giants.
What is the highest mountain in Iceland?
The highest point in Iceland is Hvannadalshnúkur. Located at the southern edge of Vatnajökull glacier, Hvannadalshnúkur rises to an elevation of 2110 meters above sea level and is part of a larger mountain range known as Öraefajökull.
What are the most active volcanoes in Iceland?
The three most active volcanoes in Iceland are Hekla, Grímsvötn, and Bárðarbunga.
Which mountains can you see from Reykjavik?
Esjan, one of the mountain ranges in Iceland that can be seen from almost any point in Reykjavik, rises over 1,000 meters above sea level. Keilir, another famous peak outside Reykjavik, offers breathtaking views of the city and surrounding countryside. Further north lies Akrafjall and Snæfellsjökull, two of Iceland’s most famous volcanoes that complete the majestic panorama.
When is the best time to visit the Iceland mountains?
The best time to visit the Iceland mountains depends mainly on the type of activities you want to experience. For example, if you hope to catch a glimpse of the Northern Lights, then autumn (September-November) is your best bet. In contrast, if skiing and snowshoeing are more your things, winter (December–March) is ideal as there’s plenty of snow!
A final thought on Iceland mountains
Iceland should be at the top of your list if you love nature and are looking for a fantastic place to hike.
With its diverse landscapes and otherworldly views, hiking in Iceland is an unforgettable experience.
These mountains in Iceland offer a variety of trails for all levels of hikers, from beginner to expert. So pack your bags, lace up your boots, and prepare for an adventure of a lifetime.